He was a British chemist and physicist, who received little
formal education. He started to experiment on electricity
in 1812 attended lectures by Sir Humphry Davy at the
Royal institution; a year later he became Davy's
assistant. He remained at the institution until 1861.
Faraday's chemical discoveries include the liquefaction
of chlorine (1823) and benzene (1825) as well as the
laws of electrolysis.
He is also remembered for his
work in physics in 1821 he demonstrated electromagnetic
rotation (the principle of the electric motor) and
in 1832 discovered electromagnetic induction (the
principle of the dynamo).